Below is a non-exhaustive list of research articles that have used IDI data. These publications have been compiled as part of work for the VHIN and for Te Rourou Tātaritanga, funded by MBIE Endeavour Grant ref. 62506 ENDRP.

We would love for it to be as complete as possible, so if you have or know of any publications based on IDI data that are not listed here, please email with details.

Publications by year:
2016 and earlier


Barnes L, Eng A, Corbin M, Denison H, ’t Mannetje A, Haslett S, McLean D, Ellison-Loschmann L, Jackson R, Douwes J (2022). A longitudinal linkage study of occupation and ischaemic heart disease in the general and Māori populations of New Zealand. PLoS ONE 17(1), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0262636.

Bowden N, Gibb S, Audas R, Clendon S, Dacombe J, Kokaua J, Milne BJ, Mujoo H, Murray SW, Smiler K, Stace H, van der Meer L, Taylor BJ (2022). Association Between High-Need Education-Based Funding and School Suspension Rates for Autistic Students in New Zealand. JAMA Pediatrics, doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2022.1296.

Camacho X, Nedkoff L, Wright FL, Nghiem N, Buajitti E, Goldacre R, Rosella LC, Seminog O, Tan EJ, Hayes A, Hayen A, Wilson N, Blakely T, Clarke P (2022). Relative Contribution of Trends in Myocardial Infarction Event Rates and Case Fatality to Declines in Mortality: An international comparative study of 1.95 million events in 80.4 million people in four countries. The Lancet Public Health 7(3), doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(22)00006-8.

Clyne D & Smith TG (2022). Economic Insecurity during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Insights from the great recession. New Zealand Economic Paper 56, doi:10.1080/00779954.2021.2006757.

Daniels L, Taylor BJ, Taylor RW, Milne BJ, Camp J, Richards R, Shackleton N (2022). Further reductions in the prevalence of obesity in 4-year-old New Zealand children from 2017 to 2019. International Journal of Obesity, doi:10.1038/s41366-022-01095-2.

Dasgupta K, Plum A, Erwin C (2022). The Devil is in the Details: Identifying Unbiased Link between Alcohol Purchasing Rights and Youth Delinquency. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 84(3), doi:10.1111/obes.12496.

Dawson P, Auvray B, Jaye C, Gauld R, Hay-Smith J (2022). Social Determinants and Inequitable Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes in Aotearoa New Zealand. Women’s Health 18, doi:10.1177/17455065221075913.

Greaves LM, Lindsay Latimer C, Li E, Hamley L, Renfrew L, Sporle A, Milne BJ (2022). Who are the Māori “in between”? Indigenous diversity and inequity across descent, ethnicity, and Iwi knowledge. Ethnic and Racial Studies 2022, doi:10.1080/01419870.2022.2081512.

Grimes A, Badenhorst S, Maré DC, Poot J, Sin I (2022). Quality of Life, Quality of Business, and Destinations of Recent Graduates: Fields of study matter. The Annals of Regional Science 2022, doi:10.1007/s00168-022-01117-x.

Kokaua J, Ruhe T, Bowden N, Theodore R, Jensen S, Jensen W, Sorenson D, Richards R (2022). Parental education and hospitalisations among Pacific children: A cross-sectional study using linked administrative data in New Zealand’s Integrated Data Infrastructure. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, doi:10.1080/03036758.2022.2094967.

McLay LK, Bowden N, Eggleston M, Thabrew H, Braund R, Schluter P (2022). Melatonin Dispensing and Polypharmacy rates for New Zealand Children with Autism or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders: A nationwide pharmacoepidemiological study. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 93, doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2022.101948.

Mills O, Shackleton N, Colbert J, Zhao J, Norman P, Exeter DJ (2022). Inter-relationships between Geographical Scale, Socioeconomic Data Suppression and Population Homogeneity. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy 2022, doi:10.1007/s12061-021-09430-2.

Mitchell EA, Zhang D, Thompson J, Liu C, Leversha A, Milne BJ (2022). Maternal mental health and substance use disorders in sudden unexpected death in infancy using routinely collected health data in New Zealand, 2000–2016, doi:10.1136/archdischild-2021-323006.

Nathan K, Robertson O, Atatoa Carr P, Howden-Chapman P, Pierse N (2022). Residential Mobility and Potentially Avoidable Hospitalisations in a Population-Based Cohort of New Zealand Children. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2022, doi:10.1136/jech-2021-218509.

Nolan P, Wang Y, Stephens M (2022). Modelling Child Poverty and Wellbeing: The Treasury’s TAWA microsimulation model. Policy Quarterly 18(3), doi:10.26686/pq.v18i3.7717.

Page M, Eatherley C, Bycroft C, Ta’ala S (2022). A Statistical Person Register in New Zealand: Progress and challenges. Statistical Journal of the IAOS 38(1): 225–230, doi:10.3233/SJI-210922.

Ramke J, Zhao J, Wilson O, Lee A, Dakin S, Watene R, Cunningham W, Harwood M, Black J (2022). Geographic access to eye health services in Aotearoa New Zealand: Which communities are being left behind? Clinical and Experimental Optometry, doi:10.1080/08164622.2022.2102410.

Rapana W, Winter T, Fox R, Riordan BC, Kulkarni R, Waitoki W, Scarf D (2022). Indigenous People in Aotearoa New Zealand are Overrepresented in Cannabis Convictions. Harm Reduction Journal 19(1), doi:10.1186/s12954-022-00613-9.

Richmond-Rakerd LS, D’Souza S, Milne BJ, Caspi A, Moffitt TE (2022). Longitudinal Associations of Mental Disorders with Dementia: 30-Year Analysis of 1.7 Million New Zealand Citizens. JAMA Psychiatry, doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.4377.

Roy A, Noy I, Cuffe HE (2022). Income and Extratropical Cyclones in New Zealand. Journal of Environmental Management 311, doi:10.1016/j.envman.2022.114852.

Schumacher C (2022). Effectiveness of hospital transfer payments under a prospective payment system: An analysis of a policy change in New Zealand. Health Economics, doi:10.1002/hec.4508.

Soar M, Stewart L, Nissen S, Naepi S, McAllister T (2022). Sweat Equity: Student Scholarships in Aotearoa New Zealand’s Universities. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies 2022, doi:10.1007/s40841-022-00244-5.

Thabrew H, Aljawahiri N, Kumar H, Bowden N, Milne BJ, Prictor M, Jordan V, Breedvelt J, Shepherd T, Hetrick S (2022). ‘As Long as It’s Used for Beneficial Things’: An Investigation of non-Māori, Māori and Young People’s Perceptions Regarding the Research use of the Aotearoa New Zealand Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI). Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics July 2022, doi:10.1177/15562646221111294.

Turnbull SM, Hobbs M, Gray L, Harvey EP, Scarrold WML, O’Neale DRJ (2022). Investigating the transmission risk of infectious disease outbreaks through the Aotearoa Co-incidence Network (ACN): A population-based study. The Lancet Regional Health – Western Pacific 20, doi:10.1016/j.lanwpc.2021.100351.

Wang Y (2022). An Expenditure Based Approach to Measuring Child Poverty in New Zealand. Policy Quarterly 18(3), doi:10.26686/pq.v18i3.7716.


Alinaghi N, Creedy J, Gemmell N (2021). Elasticities of taxable income and adjustment costs: Bunching evidence from New Zealand. Oxford Economic Papers 73(3): 1244–1269, doi:10.1093/oep/gpaa046.

Barnes L, Eng A, Corbin M, Denison H, ’t Mannetje A, Haslett S, McLean D, Ellison-Loschmann L, Jackson R, Douwes J (2021). Ischaemic Heart Disease and Occupational Exposures: A longitudinal linkage study in the general and Māori populations of New Zealand. Annals of Work Exposures and Health, doi:10.1093/annweh/wxab087.

Blakely T, Sigglekow F, Irfan M, Mizdrak A, Dieleman J, Bablani L, Clarke P, Wilson N (2021). Disease-related income and economic productivity loss in New Zealand: A longitudinal analysis of linked individual-level data. PLoS Med 18(11), doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1003848.

Blankart CR, van Gool K, Papanicolas I, Bernal‐Delgado E, Bowden N, Estupiñán-Romero F, Gauld R, Knight H, Abiona O, Riley K, Schoenfeld AJ, Shatrov K, Wodchis WP, Figueroa JF (2021). International comparison of spending and utilization at the end of life for hip fracture patients. Health Services Research 56(S3): 1370–1382, doi:10.1111/1475-6773.13734.

Bouchard I, Cheung L, Pacheco G (2021). Evaluating the impact of 20 hours free early childhood education on mothers’ labour force participation and earnings. New Zealand Economic Papers 55(2): 188–202, doi:10.1080/00779954.2020.1791941.

Bowden N, Milne B, Audas R, Clasby B, Dacombe J, Forster W, Kokaua J, Gibb S, Hughes N, MacCormick C, Smiler K, Taylor B, Mirfin-Veitch B (2021). Criminal justice system interactions among young adults with and without autism: A national birth cohort study in New Zealand. Autism, doi:10.1177/13623613211065541.

Carlton L, Chen T, Whitcombe A, McGregor R, Scheurich G, Sheen C, Dickson J, Bullen C, Chiang A, Exeter DJ, Paynter J, Baker M, Charlewood R, Moreland N (2021). Charting Elimination in the Pandemic: A SARS-CoV-2 serosurvey of blood donors in New Zealand. Epidemiology and Infection 149, doi:10.1017S0950268821001643.

Chiang A, Paynter J, Edlin R, Exeter DJ (2021). Suicide preceded by health services contact – A whole-of-population study in New Zealand 2013–2015. PLoS One 16(12), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0261163.

Cunningham R, Milner A, Gibb S, Rijnberg V, Disney G, Kavanagh A (2021). Gendered experiences of unemployment, suicide and self-harm: A population-level record linkage study. Psychological Medicine, doi:10.1017/S0033291721000994.

de Roiste M, Fasianos A, Kirkby R, Yao F (2021). Are Housing Wealth Effects Asymmetric in Booms & Busts? Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics 62: 578–628, doi:10.1007/s11146-020-09757-6.

Donovan G, Gatziolis D, ’t Mannetje A, Weinkove R, Fyfe C, Douwes J (2021). An empirical test of the biodiversity hypothesis: Exposure to plant diversity is associated with a reduced risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Science of the Total Environment 768, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.144627.

Figueroa JF, Horneffer KE, Riley K, Abiona O, Arvin M, Atsma F, Bernal-Delgado E, Blankart CB, Bowden N, Deeny S, Estupiñán-Romero F, Gauld R, Hansen TM, Haywood P, Janlov N, Knight H, Lorenzoni L, Marino A, Or Z, Pellet L, Orlander D, Penneau A, Schoenfeld AJ, Shatrov K, Skudal KE, Stafford M, van de Galien O, van Gool K, Wodchis WP, Tanke M, Jha AK, Papanicolas I (2021). A methodology for identifying high-need, high-cost patient personas for international comparisons. Health Services Research 56(S3), doi:10.1111/1475-6773.1389.

Figueroa JF, Papanicolas I, Riley K, Abiona O, Arvin M, Atsma F, Bernal-Delgado E, Bowden N, Blankart CR, Deeny S, Estupiñán-Romero F, Gauld R, Haywood P, Janlov N, Knight H, Lorenzoni L, Marino A, Or Z, Penneau A, Shatrov K, van de Galien O, van Gool K, Wodchis W, Jha AK (2021). International comparison of health spending and utilization among people with complex multimorbidity. Health Services Research 56(S3): 1317–34, doi:10.1111/1475-6773.13708.

Findlay R, Hamm L, Anstice N, Chelimo C, Grant CC, Bowden N, Kokaua J, Black J (2021). Vision screening in New Zealand pre-school children: Is it equitable? Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, doi:10.1111/jpc.15548.

Fraser B, White M, Cook H, Chisholm E, Ombler J, Chun S, Tareha H, Pierse N (2021). Service usage of a cohort of formerly homeless women in Aotearoa New Zealand. SSM – Population Health 15, doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2021.100842.

Gath ME, Didham RA, Daly M (2021). Estimating the prevalence of children living with a step-parent in New Zealand using linked administrative, census, and survey data. Journal of Family Studies, doi:10.1080/13229400.2021.1954539.

Gibb S, Brewer N, Bowden N (2021). Social impacts and costs of schizophrenia: A national cohort study using New Zealand linked administrative Data. New Zealand Medical Journal 134(1537): 66–83,

Hales S, Atkinson J, Metcalfe J, Kuschel G, Woodward A (2021). Long term exposure to air pollution, mortality, and morbidity in New Zealand: Cohort study. Science of the Total Environment 801, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149660.

Harris RID (2021). The importance of spatial differences in total factor productivity: New Zealand 2001–16. Regional Studies 55(7): 1209–1227, doi:10.1080/00343404.2020.1869204.

Kokaua J, Jensen S, Theodore R, Bowden N, Blakelock R, Sorensen D, Jensen W, Richards R (2021). Is Parent Education Protective of Mental Wellbeing in Pacific Young People? A cohort study of mental health and census data in Aotearoa New Zealand’s Integrated Data Infrastructure. Pacific Health Dialog 21(7), doi:10.26635/phd.2021.112.

McLay LK, Schluter PJ, Eggleston MJF, Woodford EC, Bowden N (2021). Melatonin dispensing among New Zealand children aged 0–18 years with autism: A nationwide cross-sectional study. Sleep Medicine 80: 184–192, doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2021.01.028.

Mehta S, Zhao J, Poppe K, Kerr AJ, Wells S, Exeter DJ, Selak V, Grey C, Jackson R (2021). Cardiovascular preventive pharmacotherapy stratified by predicted cardiovascular risk: A national data linkage study. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, doi:10.1093/eurjpc/zwaa168.

Morar M, Vandevijvere S, Swinburn B (2021). The potential impact of an implemented income redistribution package on obesity prevalence in New Zealand. Social Science & Medicine 268, doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113483.

Noy S & Sin I (2021). The effects of neighbourhood and workplace income comparisons on subjective wellbeing. Journal of Economic Behaviour & Organization 185: 918–945, doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2020.11.008.

Oldroyd RA, Hobbs M, Campbell M, Jenneson V, Morris MA, Pontin F, Sturley C, Tomintz M, Wiki J, Birkin M, Kingham S, Wilson M (2021). Progress Towards Using Linked Population-Based Data For Geohealth Research: Comparisons Of Aotearoa New Zealand And The United Kingdom. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, doi:10.1007/s12061-021-09381-8.

Or Z, Shatrov K, Penneau A, Wodchis W, Abiona O, Blankart CR, Bowden N, Bernal-Delgado E, Knight H, Lorenzoni L, Marino A, Papanicolas I, Riley K, Pellet L, Estupiñán-Romero F, van Gool K, Figueroa JF (2021). Within and across country variations in treatment of patients with heart failure and diabetes. Health Services Research 56(S3): 1358–69, doi:10.1111/1475-6773.13854.

Papanicolas I, Figueroa JF, Schoenfeld AJ, Riley K, Abiona O, Arvin M, Atsma F, Bernal-Delgado E, Bowden N, Blankart CR, Deeny S, Estupiñán-Romero F, Gauld R, Haywood P, Janlov N, Knight H, Lorenzoni L, Marino A, Or Z, Penneau A, Shatrov K, Stafford M, van de Galien O, van Gool K, Wodchis W, Jha AK (2021). Differences in health care spending and utilization among older frail adults in high‐income countries: ICCONIC hip fracture persona. Health Services Research 56(S3): 1335–46, doi:10.1111/1475-6773.13739.

Papanicolas I, Riley K, Abiona O, Arvin M, Atsma F, Bernal-Delgado E, Bowden N, Blankart CR, Deeny S, Estupiñán-Romero F, Gauld R, Haywood P, Janlov N, Knight H, Lorenzoni L, Marino A, Or Z, Penneau A, Schoenfeld AJ, Shatrov K, Stafford M, van de Galien O, van Gool K, Wodchis W, Jha AK, Figueroa JF (2021). Differences in health outcomes for high‐need high‐cost patients across high‐income countries. Health Services Research 56(S3): 1347–57, doi:10.1111/1475-6773.13735.

Plum A, Pacheco G, Dasgupta K (2021). When There is No Way Up: Reconsidering Low-paid Jobs as Stepping-stones. Economic Record 97(318), full text:, doi:10.1111/1475-4932.12609.

Rho Y, Fabrizi S, Lippert S (2021). Employee characteristics, absorptive capacity and innovation. Munich Personal RePEc Archive Paper No. 106407,

Richmond-Rakerd LS, D’Souza S, Milne BJ, Caspi A, Moffitt TE (2021). Longitudinal associations of mental disorders with physical diseases and mortality among 2.3 million New Zealanders. JAMA Network Open 4(1): e2033448, doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.33448.

Riggs L, Keall M, Howden-Chapman P, Baker MG (2021). Environmental burden of disease from unsafe and substandard housing, New Zealand, 2010–2017. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 99: 259–270, doi:10.2471/BLT.20.263285.

Robertson O, Nathan K, Howden-Chapman P, Baker MG, Atatoa Carr P, Pierse N (2021). Residential mobility for a national cohort of New Zealand-born children by area socioeconomic deprivation level and ethnic group. BMJ Open 11(1), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039706.

Shackleton N, Li E, Gibb S, Kvalsvig A, Baker M, Sporle A, Bentley R, Milne B (2021). The relationship between income poverty and child hospitalisations in New Zealand: Evidence from longitudinal household panel data and Census data. PLOS One 16(1), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0243920.

Simon-Kumar R, Paynter J, Chiang A, Chabba N (2021). Sex ratios and ‘missing women’ among Asian minority and migrant populations in Aotearoa/New Zealand: A retrospective cohort analysis. BMJ Open 11(1), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-052343.

Sin I, Bruce-Brand B, Chambers CNL. The gender wage gap among medical specialists: a quantitative analysis of the hourly pay of publicly employed senior doctors in New Zealand. BMJ Open 11: e045214, doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045214.

Slykerman RF, Li E, Milne B (2021). Birth by caesarean section and educational achievement in adolescents. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 61(3), doi:10.1111/ajo.13276.

Svardal C, Waldie K, Milne B, Morton SMB, D’Souza S (2021). Prevalence of antidepressant use and unmedicated depression in pregnant New Zealand women. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, doi:10.1177/00048674211025699.

Turnbull SM & O’Neale DRJ (2021). Entropy of Co-Enrolment Networks Reveal Disparities in High School STEM Participation. Frontiers in Big Data 3, doi:10.3389/fdata.2020.599016.

Waite G (2021). Resetting Benefits: Benchmarks for adequate minimum incomes. Policy Quarterly 17(4): 58–64, doi:10.26686/pq.v17i4.7320.

Xiong C, Cheung KS, Filippova O (2021). Understanding the Spatial Effects of Unaffordable Housing Using the Commuting Patterns of Workers in the New Zealand Integrated Data Infrastructure. International Journal of Geo-Information 10(7), doi:10.3390/ijgi10070457.


Barnes LA, Eng A, Corbin M, Denison H, ’t Mannetje A, Haslett S, McLean D, Jackson R, Douwes J (2020). The Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Different Occupational Groups in New Zealand. Annals of Work Exposures and Health 64(6), doi:10.1093/annweh/wxaa040.

Boven N, Exeter E, Sporle A, Shackleton N (2020). The implications of different ethnicity categorisation methods for understanding outcomes and developing policy in New Zealand. Kōtuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online 15(1): 123–139, doi:10.1080/1177083X.2019.1657912.

Bowden N, Gibb S, Thabrew H, Kokaua J, Audas R, Merry S, Taylor B, Hetrick S (2020). Case identification of mental health and related problems in children and young people using the New Zealand Integrated Data Infrastructure. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 20(42), doi:10.1186/s12911-020-1057-8.

Bowden N, Thabrew H, Kokaua J, Audas R, Milne B, Smiler K, Stace H, Taylor B, Gibb S (2020). Autism Spectrum Disorder / Takiwātanga: An Integrated Data Infrastructure-based approach to autism spectrum research in New Zealand. Autism 24(8): 2213–2227, doi:10.1177/1362361320939329.

Bowden N, Thabrew H, Kokaua J, Braund R (2020). National prescribing rates and polypharmacy for children and young people in New Zealand with and without autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 78, doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2020.101642.

Brewer N, Atkinson J, Guilford P, Print P, Blakely T, Teng A (2020). An estimate of limited duration cancer prevalence in New Zealand using ‘big’ data. New Zealand Medical Journal 133(1514),

Bycroft C & Matheson-Dunning N (2020). Use of administrative records for non-response in the New Zealand 2018 Census. Statistical Journal of the IAOS 36(1): 107–116, doi:10.3233/SJI-190591.

Charania NA, Paynter J, Lee AC, Watson DG, Turner NM (2020). Vaccine-Preventable Disease-Associated Hospitalisations Among Migrant and Non-migrant Children in New Zealand. Journal of Immigrant Minority Health 22: 223–231, doi:10.1007/s10903-019-00888-4.

Crampton P, Salmond C, Atkinson J (2020). A comparison of the NZDep and New Zealand IMD indexes of socioeconomic deprivation. Kōtuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online 15(1): 154–169, doi:10.1080/1177083X.2019.1676798.

D’Souza S, Bowden N, Gibb S, Shackleton N, Audas R, Hetrick S, Taylor B, Milne B (2020). Medication dispensing for Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder to New Zealand youth. New Zealand Medical Journal 133(1522),

Dasgupta K, Erwin C, Plum A (2020). The Devil is in the Details: Identifying the Unbiased Link between Access to Alcohol and Criminal Behaviour. SSRN Electronic Journal 2020, doi:10.2139/ssrn.3690739.

Fletcher M, Maré DC, Maloney T (2020). The Economic Consequences of Marital Separation for Parents in New Zealand: Insights from a large administrative dataset. International Journal of Law, Policy, and the Family 34(3): 289–313, doi:10.1093/lawfam/ebaa011.

Habibi H & Feld J (2020). The effects of earthquake exposure on preparedness in the short and long term: a difference‑in‑differences estimation. Natural Hazards 104: 1443–1463, doi:10.1007/s11069-020-04227-x1.

Harris RID (2020). The importance of frontier firms in total factor productivity in New Zealand, 2001–2016. New Zealand Economic Papers 54(3), doi:10.1080/00779954.2020.1806339.

Howden-Chapman P, Keall M, Whitwell K, Chapman R (2020). Evaluating natural experiments to measure the co-benefits of urban policy interventions to reduce carbon emissions in New Zealand. Science of the Total Environment 700, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134408.

Hu F, Warren J, Exeter DJ (2020). Predicting Lipid-Lowering Medication Persistence after the First Cardiovascular Disease Hospitalisation. Methods of Information in Medicine 59(02/03): 61–74, doi:10.1055/s-0040-1713905.

Kokaua J, Jensen S, Theodore R, Sorensen D, Jensen W, Audas R, Richards R (2020). Understanding Parental education and health of Pacific families: Background and study protocol. Pacific Health Dialog 21(5): 233–244, doi:10.26635/phd.2020.622.

Leong KSW, McLay J, Derraik JGB, Gibb S, Shackleton N, Taylor RW, Glover M, Audas R, Taylor B, Milne BJ, Cutfield W (2020). Associations of Prenatal and Childhood Antibiotics Exposure with Obesity at Age 4 Years. JAMA Network Open 3(1), doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.19681.

Meehan L (2020). Productivity in New Zealand: The role of resource allocation among firms. New Zealand Economic Papers 54(1): 39–66, doi:10.1080/00779954.2019.1573846.

Petrović-van der Deen FS, Cunningham R, Manuel J, Gibb S, Porter RJ, Pitama S, Crowe M, Crengle S, Lacey C (2020). Exploring indigenous ethnic inequities in first episode psychosis in New Zealand – A national cohort study. Schizophrenia Research 223: 311–318, doi:10.1016/j.schres.2020.09.004.

Pryymachenko Y, Wilson RA, Abbott JH, Dowsey MM, Choong PFM (2020). Risk Factors for Chronic Opioid Use Following Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Evidence from New Zealand Population Data. The Journal of Arthroplasty 35(11): 3099–3107, doi:10.1016/j.arth.2020.06.040.

Richmond-Rakerd LS, D’Souza S, Andersen SH, Hogan S, Houts RM, Poulton R, Ramrakha S, Caspi A, Milne BJ, Moffitt TE (2020). Health, crime and social-welfare inequality cluster in a population segment in 4 million citizens from 2 nations. Nature Human Behaviour 4: 255–264, doi:10.1038/s41562-019-0810-4.

van der Heijden PG, Cruyff M, Smith PA, Bycroft C, Graham P, Matheson-Dunning N (2020). Multiple system estimation using covariates having missing values and measurement error: Estimating the size of the Māori population in New Zealand. arXiv preprint,

Walesby KE, Exeter DJ, Gibb S, Wood PC, Starr JM, Russ TC (2020). Prevalence and geographical variation of dementia in New Zealand from 2012 to 2015: Brief report utilising routinely collected data within the Integrated Data Infrastructure. Australasian Journal on Ageing 39(3), doi:10.1111/ajag.12790.

Zhou S & Lennon Olsen T (2020). Is Innovation Uniformly Good for Performance? The Mediating Role of Competitive Capability. Other Innovation Research & Policy eJournal, doi:10.2139/ssrn.3766120.


Bowden N, Gibb S, Thabrew H, Audas R, Camp J, Taylor B, Hetrick S (2019). IDI trends in antidepressant dispensing to New Zealand children and young people between 2007/08 and 2015/16. New Zealand Medical Journal 132(1505): 48–61,

Choi H (2019). Adjusting for linkage errors to analyse coverage of the administrative population. Statistical Journal of the IAOS 35(2): 253–259, doi:10.3233/SJI-180483.

Donovan GH, Gatziolis D, Douwes J (2019). Relationship between exposure to the natural environment and recovery from hip or knee arthroplasty: A New Zealand retrospective cohort study. BMJ Open 9(9), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029522.

Donovan GH, Michael YL, Gatziolis D, ’t Mannetje A, Douwes J (2019). Association between exposure to the natural environment, rurality, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children in New Zealand: A linkage study. The Lancet Planet Health 3(5), e226–e234, doi:10.1016/S2542-5196(19)30070-1.

Exeter DJ, Shackleton N, Browne M, Zhao J, Lee A, Crengle S (2019). Different domains of deprivation and their relationship with obesity in New Zealand 4-year-old children. Pediatric Obesity 14(8), doi:10.1111/ijpo.12520.

Gibb S, Milne B, Shackleton N, Taylor B, Audas R (2019). How universal are universal preschool health checks? An observational study using routine data from New Zealand’s B4 School Check. BMJ Open 9(4), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025535.

Gibb S, Shackleton N, Audas R, Taylor B, Swinburn B, Zhu T, Taylor R, Derraik J, Cutfield W, Milne B (2019). Child obesity prevalence across communities in New Zealand: 2010-2016. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 43(2), doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12881.

Jiang N, Pacheco G, Dasgupta K (2019). Understanding the transient population: insights from linked administrative data. Journal of Population Research 36: 111–136, doi:10.1007/s12546-019-09223-y.

Keddell E, Davie G, Barson D (2019). Child protection inequalities in Aotearoa New Zealand: Social gradient and the ‘inverse intervention law’. Children and Youth Services Review 104, doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.06.018.

Milne BJ, Atkinson J, Blakely T, Day H, Douwes J, Gibb S, Nicolson M, Shackleton N, Sporle A, Teng A (2019). Data Resource Profile: The New Zealand Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI). Int J Epidemiol 48(3), doi:10.1093/ije/dyz014. A correction has been published: International Journal of Epidemiology 48(3), doi:10.1093/ije/dyz054.

Nathan K, Robertson O, Atatoa Carr P, Howden-Chapman P, Pierse N (2019). Residential mobility and socioemotional and behavioural difficulties in a preschool population cohort of New Zealand children. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 73(10): 947–953, doi:10.1136/jech-2019-212436.

Noviarini J, Coleman A, Roberts H, Whiting RH (2019). Housing liquidation and financial adequacy of retirees in New Zealand. Housing Studies 34(9): 1543–1580, doi:10.1080/02673037.2019.1585522.

Paynter J, Goodyear-Smith F, Morgan J, Saxton P, Black S, Petousis-Harris H (2019). Effectiveness of a Group B Outer Membrane Vesicle Meningococcal Vaccine in Preventing Hospitalization from Gonorrhea in New Zealand: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Vaccines 7(1), doi:10.3390/vaccines7010005.

Pierse N, Ombler J, White M, Aspinall C, McMinn C, Atatoa-Carr P, Nelson J, Hawkes K, Fraser B, Cook H, Howden-Chapman P (2019). Service usage by a New Zealand Housing First cohort prior to being housed. SSM – Population Health 8, doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100432.

Rapata H, Cutfield WS, Milne BJ, Shackleton N, Waetford C, Richards R, Taylor RW, Derraik JGB, Camp J (2019). Stable prevalence of obesity among Ngāti Whātua 4-year-old children in 2010–2016. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 49(4): 449–458, doi:10.1080/03036758.2019.1691613.

Shackleton N, Derraik J, Audas R, Taylor R, Glover M, Morton S, Tautolo E, Kokaua J, Taylor B, Cutfield W, Milne B (2019). Decomposing ethnic differences in body mass index and obesity rates among New Zealand pre-schoolers. International Journal of Obesity 43, doi:10.1038/s41366-019-0390-4.

Teng A, Blakely T, Scott N, Jansen R, Masters-Awatere B, Krebs J, Oetzel J (2019). What protects against pre-diabetes progressing to diabetes? Observational study of integrated health and social data. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 148, 119–129, doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2018.12.003.

Wang N (2019). Using address histories to improve the link rates of surveys in the Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI). Statistical Journal of the IAOS 35(4): 577–585, doi:10.3233/SJI-190556.

Williams C, Exeter D, Gibb S, Hunt P (2019). Using Big Data to Demonstrate Indivisibility of Rights and Promote Cross-Sectoral Responses to the Sustainable Development Goals. Journal of Human Rights Practice 11(1): 239–250, doi:10.1093/jhuman/huz014.

Wilson R, Pryymachenko Y, Audas R, Abbott JH (2019). Long-term opioid medication use before and after joint replacement surgery in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal 132,

Zhao J, Ameratunga S, Lee A, Browne M, Exeter DJ (2019). Developing a New Index of Rurality for Exploring Variations in Health Outcomes in Auckland and Northland. Social Indicators Research 144: 955–980, doi:10.1007/s11205-019-02076-1.

Zhao J, Gulliver P, Exeter DJ, Lee A, Browne M, Ameratunga S (2019). Unintentional non-fatal hospitalised falls and motor vehicle injuries in the Auckland and Northland regions: Geographical patterns and associations with rurality. New Zealand Geographer 76(1316), doi:10.1111/nzg.12230.


Berry MJ, Foster T, Rowe K, Robertson O, Robson R, Pierse N (2018). Gestational Age, Health, and Educational Outcomes in Adolescents. Paediatrics 142(5), doi:10.1542/peds.2018-1016.

Charania NA, Paynter J, Lee AC, Watson DG, Turner NM (2018). Exploring immunisation inequities among migrant and refugee children in New Zealand. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics 14(12): 3026–3033, doi:10.1080/21645515.2018.1496769.

Conway P (2018). Can the Kiwi Fly? Achieving productivity lift-off in New Zealand. International Productivity Monitor 34: 40–63,

Davie G & Lilley R (2018). Financial impact of injury in older workers: Use of a national retrospective e-cohort to compare income patterns over 3 years in a universal injury compensation scheme. BMJ Open 8,

Donovan GH, Gatziolis D, Longley I, Douwes J (2018). Vegetation diversity protects against childhood asthma: results from a large New Zealand birth cohort. Nature Plants 4: 358–364, doi:10.1038/s41477-018-0151-8.

Exeter DJ, Crengle S, Cavadino A, Greaves L, Zhao J, Lee A, Browne M (2018). The geography of deprivation in New Zealand by electorate. Kōtuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online 13(2): 195–212, doi:10.1080/1177083X.2018.1530267.

Rouland B & Vaithianathan R (2018). Cumulative Prevalence of Maltreatment Among New Zealand Children, 1998–2015. American Journal of Public Health 108: 511–513, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304258.

Schluter PJ, Audas R, Kokaua J, McNeill B, Taylor B, Milne BJ, Gillon G (2018). The efficacy of preschool developmental indicators as a screen for early primary school-based literacy interventions. Child Development 91(1): e59–e76, doi:10.1111/cdev.13145.

Schluter PJ, Kokaua J, Tautolo E-S, Richards R, Taleni T, Kim HM, Audas R, McNeill B, Taylor B, Gillon G (2018). Patterns of early primary school-based literacy interventions among Pacific children from a nationwide health screening programme of 4 year olds. Scientific Reports 8: 12368, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29939-w.

Shackleton N, Broadbent JM, Thornley S, Milne BJ, Crengle S, Exeter DJ (2018). Inequalities in dental caries experience among 4-year-old New Zealand children. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 46(3): 288–296, doi:10.1111/cdoe.12364.

Shackleton N, Darlington-Pollock F, Norman P, Jackson R, Exeter DJ (2018). Longitudinal deprivation trajectories and risk of cardiovascular disease in New Zealand. Health & Place 53: 34–42, doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.07.010.

Shackleton N, Milne BJ, Audas R, Derraik JGB, Zhu T, Taylor RW, Morton SMB, Glover M, Cutfield WS, Taylor B (2018). Improving rates of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity in New Zealand 4-year-old children in 2010–2016. Pediatric Obesity 13(12): 766–777, doi:10.1111/ijpo.12260.

Vaithianathan R, Rouland B, Putnam-Hornstein E (2018). Injury and mortality among children identified as at high risk of maltreatment. Pediatrics 141(2), doi:10.1542/peds.2017-2882.

Zhao J, Gibb S, Jackson R, Mehta S, Exeter DJ (2018). Constructing whole of population cohorts for health and social research using the New Zealand Integrated Data Infrastructure. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 42(4): 382–388, doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12781.


Ballantyne A & Style R (2017). Health data research in New Zealand: updating the ethical governance framework. New Zealand Medical Journal 130(1464): 64–71,

Darlington-Pollock F, Shackleton N, Norman P, Lee AC, Exeter DJ (2017). Differences in the risk of cardiovascular disease for movers and stayers in New Zealand: A survival analysis. International Journal of Public Health 63: 173–179, doi:10.1007/s00038-017-1011-4.

Exeter DJ, Zhao J, Crengle S, Lee A, Browne M (2017). The New Zealand Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD): A new suite of indicators for social and health research in Aotearoa New Zealand. PLoS One 12(8), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0181260.

Isogai S & Stanley-Clarke N (2017). Measuring iterative homelessness in mental health in Aotearoa New Zealand. Parity 30(8): 54–57, doi:10.3316/informit.233240292245610.

Le T & Jaffe AB (2017). The Impact of R&D Subsidy on Innovation: Evidence from New Zealand firms. Economics of Innovation and New Technology 26(5): 429–452, doi:10.1080/10438599.2016.1213504.

Ombler J, Ombler P, Nelson J, Howden-Chapman P, Te-Aho KL, Fariu-Ariki P, Cook H, Aspinall C, Fraser B, McMinn C, Shum RF, Pierse N (2017). Ending homelessness in New Zealand: Housing First research programme. Parity 30(10),

Parker M (2017). Price-setting behaviour in New Zealand. New Zealand Economic Papers 51(3): 217–236, doi:10.1080/00779954.2016.1189957.

Reid G, Zabala F, Holmberg A (2017). Extending TSE to Administrative Data: A quality framework and case studies from Stats NZ. Journal of Official Statistics 33(2): 477–511, doi:10.1515/jos-2017-0023.

Telfar-Barnard L, Bennett J, Howden-Chapman P, Jacobs DE, Ormandy D, Cutler-Welsh M, Preval N, Baker MG, Keall M (2017). Measuring the Effect of Housing Quality Interventions: The Case of the New Zealand “Rental Warrant of Fitness”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14, doi:10.3390/ijerph14111352.

Teng AM, Blakely T, Ivory V, Kingham S, Cameron V (2017). Living in areas with different levels of earthquake damage and association with risk of cardiovascular disease: A cohort-linkage study. The Lancet Planetary Health 1(6): E242–E253, doi:10.1016/S2542-5196(17)30101-8.

2016 and earlier

Bycroft C (2015). Census transformation in New Zealand: Using administrative data without a population register. Statistical Journal of the IAOS 31(3): 401–411, doi:10.3233/SJI-150916.

McLeod K, Maré D (2013). What Impact Does Temporary Migration Have on the Hiring of New Zealanders? Labour, Employment, and Work in New Zealand, doi:10.26686/lew.v0i0.1981.

O’Sullivan L (2015). Linking, selecting cut-offs, and examining quality in the Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI). Statistical Journal of the IAOS 31(1): 41–49, doi:10.3233/SJI-140859.

Poot J & Sanderson L (2015). Researching duration of residence from census and postal surveys to Integrated Data Infrastructure. New Zealand Population Review 41: 69–94,

Rees M (2014). The Graduate Outcome Project: Using Data from the Integrated Data Infrastructure Project. Journal of Institutional Research 19(1): 20–32,

Su-Wuen O & Lynch E (2016). An exploratory analysis into the mortality of offenders. Department of Corrections Research and Analysis Team 4(2): 53–60,